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Global Joint Initiative on the Partnership of Biodiversity and Finance


We, the participants, supporters, and followers of the 15th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity, gathered in Kunming (in Yunnan, China) under the common goal of “gathering new impetus and creating a new future”, are determined to adopt a more vigorous and sustainable approach to protecting nature. We are committed to working together to ensure new impetus towards international biodiversity cooperation — especially the full implementation of the upcoming Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework, and to promote sustainable, innovative, inclusive and green growth. We are also committed to realizing the full potential of the financial sector and to empower their capacity to participate in biodiversity conservation efforts.

We are gathering at this moment in the face of pressing challenges related to the COVID-19 epidemic, and amid complex and profound changes at the regional and global level. Challenges and opportunities are emerging at the same time, notably in integrating carbon neutrality and nature positive pathways including through ongoing green recovery actions. At this challenging moment, the financial sector’s role in advancing a green transition is notable. With this in mind, we initiate this Partnership of Biodiversity and Finance (PBF), committing ourselves to work together to build a peaceful, stable, green and prosperous community with a shared future for mankind, reaffirm our support for the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development as a framework for green and inclusive growth, and work together to advance the achievement of the goals of the Paris Agreement and the upcoming Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework.

The Partnership of Biodiversity and Finance is established to support the close collaboration between biodiversity conservation and financing, in particular, in helping to address urgent biodiversity challenges and help close the considerable action and financing gaps. The broad goal of the Partnership is to integrate biodiversity risks into financial institutions’ investment decision-making process. The Partnership is comprised by a group of international stakeholders from financing institutions, the private sector, academic institutions, international development agencies, and civil society organizations, with representation from both developed and developing countries from various continents.

Our main objective as a global partnership is to build on several initiatives and networks, both international and within China, that are underway to anticipate the implementation of the upcoming post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework and to align financing with nature positive strategic objectives. We set our sights firmly on achieving a dual objective: to prevent and minimize biodiversity risks associated with investment and trade; and to mobilize innovative financial resources and tools to close the financing gap.

We have recognized the urgency and importance of tackling biodiversity challenges, especially the nexus between biodiversity and other global pressing challenges, including climate change, social economy, financial risks, public health and poverty alleviation. Meanwhile, efforts related to biodiversity should also get considerable attention, especially in aspects such as gender, indigenous communities, equality and social justice, all of which are necessary for an inclusive approach.

We note that biodiversity issues have not been given enough attention till date, and lack sufficient financial sector understanding, engagement and action. In current practices, a lack of robust enabling factors and associated mechanisms discourages financial sectors — both public and private sources — from investing in ecosystem-friendly practices, and from avoiding ecologically harmful actions. To increase the financial sector’s understanding about biodiversity, the capacity of financial institutions needs to be strengthened with innovative tools and expertise about biodiversity risks. Other facilities include human resources, information, data, and regular and sufficient exchanges are also needed to empower financial institutions. This is the reason why we are jointly establishing this partnership and gathering global intelligence and capacities into a diversified platform for more transparent and efficient solutions.

We have witnessed and welcomed existing good practices in conserving biodiversity around the world. This inclusive partnership works in close collaboration with other recognized initiatives. We recognize that environmental and social safeguard policies created and implemented by international development financial institutions and certain banks that adopted the Equator Principles (EPs) have incorporated biodiversity risks into decision-making processes. Meanwhile, Environment Social and Governance (ESG) and EPs are becoming the consensus of all stakeholders, with efforts from government, civil society organizations and academic institutions. We reaffirm and support the Principles of Responsible Investment (PRI), the Principles of Sustainable Insurance (PSI), and the Principles for Responsible Banking (PRB) issued by the United Nations, which set unique foundations and the strategy and practice framework for financial institutions. Other practices include the Global Sustainable Investment Alliance (GSIA), the EU’s Sustainable Finance Disclosure Regulation (SFDR), the Taskforce on Nature-related Financial Disclosures (TNFD), the Taskforce on Climate-related Financial Disclosures (TCFD), and China’s Environmental Information Disclosure System Reform Plan.

We, as advocates, participants, and supporters of the partnership, call for the following areas to be set as the goals and direction of the joint efforts of all stakeholders:

1.Drawing on Article 2.1 (c)1 of the Paris Agreement, it is necessary to set an overarching goal of directing more investment toward biodiversity conservation, in order to better mobilize the resources and strengths of various stakeholders and more climate financing to achieve synergistic benefits conducive to biodiversity conservation. The financing needs for biodiversity conservation should be met as soon as possible.

2. Integrate biodiversity conservation into financial institutions’ services, business strategies, decision-making process, and policies. Financial institutions are encouraged to work with biodiversity groups to develop more tools, models and products to mobilize more financial resources in support of biodiversity conservation practices.

3. Call on governments to create an enabling investment environment to guide the flow of public and private investment in accordance with the requirements of biodiversity conservation, encouraging enterprises and investors to disclose biodiversity- related financial risks, and encourage private investment activities to be in compliance with the requirements for the upcoming Post- 2020 by the Global Biodiversity Framework.

4. Formulate guidance to coordinate and integrate different financial products and technical tools developed by each stakeholder, regularly publish key outputs and progress information, including composing and publishing partnership development reports.

5. Environmental organizations working on biodiversity are suggested to make more effort to share biodiversity risks data, and, more importantly, develop and integrate technical tools which can support financial institutions’ efforts regarding reducing biodiversity risks of investment activities or projects.

6.Academic institutions and civil society organizations should also initiate capacity building of ESG for different governments, financial institutions, and international enterprises whose impact will be made overseas, particularly to enhance the leading roles of MDBs to demonstrate ESG practices and support capacity building, in order to avoid transferring biodiversity risks to less developed countries and regions and meet the needs of future responsible investment activities.

We support the establishment of the Secretariat for the PBF and commit to take concrete actions jointly in terms of capacity building, knowledge and data sharing, resource exchange, etc. by building on the network of this partnership platform, while doing our utmost to comply with the relevant conventions and principles advocated by the United Nations and good international practices. Through joint efforts and cooperation, we will accelerate the realization of the UN’s biodiversity conservation goals, especially the goals and tasks of the upcoming Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework, and make positive contributions to global sustainable development.

1.Article 2.1 (c) of the Paris Agreement: Making finance flows consistent with a pathway towards low greenhouse gas emissions and climate-resilient development.


List of Participating Joint Initiative and the PBF as Co-initiators, Members and Supporters(as of 22 October 2021)

Co-initiators (in alphabetic order)
  • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
  • Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation Institute (CAREC)
  • Hua Xia Bank (China)
  • Industrial Bank (China)
  • International Finance Forum (IFF)
  • Multilateral Cooperation Center for Develop-ment Finance (MCDF)
  • Natural Resource Defense Council (NRDC)
  • Paulson Institute (PI)
  • United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
  • United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
  • World Bank (WB)
  • World Resource Institute (WRI)
  • World Wildlife Fund (WWF)
Members and Supporters(in alphabetic order)
Financial Institutions:
  • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
  • Agence française de développement (AFD)
  • China Central Depository & Clearning Co., Ltd. (CCDC)
  • European Bank for Reconstruction and Devel-opment (EBRD)
  • International Fund for Agricultural Develop-ment (IFAD)
  • International Finance Corporation (IFC)
  • Silk Road International Association (SRIA) Fund
Environmental Groups:
  • All-China Environment Federation(ACEF)
  • Beijing Entrepreneur Environmental Protection SEE Foundation (SEE Foundation)
  • SEE Conservation
  • Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS)
International Organisations:
  • Association of International Certified Profes-sional Accountants (AICPA & CIMA)
  • APEC Green Supply Chain Center (APEC GSCC)
  • Silk Road International Association (SRIA)
  • United Nations for Industry Development Organization (UNIDO)
Academic Institutions:
  • Institute of Finance and Sustainability (IFS)
  • Institute for Global Environment Study (IGES)
  • International Institute of Green Finance (IIGF) of Central University of Finance and Economics (CUFE)
  • Greenovation Hub (GHUB)
  • International Institute for Sustainable Develop-ment (IISD)
  • Swedish Environmental Research Institute (IVL)
  • Nordic Energy Research (NER)
  • Ant Group
  • China Chamber of International Commerce Sustainable Development Committee (CCOIC)
  • Deloitte
  • Ernst& Young (EY)
  • Green Growth Fund (GGF)
  • Green Technology Bank (GTB)
  • China Soft Capital (CSC)
  • KPMG
  • Pricewaterhouse Cooper (PwC)
  • Tencent
  • TotalEnergies
Media Reports